Thursday, December 19, 2019

Outline And References Of Disease Surveillance Essay

9th August 2015 Leia Manewell 3/108 Clarence Street Riccarton Christchurch New Zealand 8011 Student Number: 15242876 Paper Coordinator: Barry Palmer Paper: 214.311 Epidemiology Communicable Diseases Assignment: 1 Word Count: 3,484 (Including questions and references) Questions: 1. Explain what is meant by disease surveillance and briefly explain, with suitable examples, the role of some important agencies and organizations (national and international) involved with disease surveillance. (15 mark) Disease surveillance is the ongoing systematic collection and analysis of data about an infectious disease that can lead to action being taken to control or prevent the disease usually one of an infectious nature. (MedicineNet, 2015) Disease Surveillance can range from common Food Bourne illnesses to extensive long-term surveillance on diseases such as Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease. In New Zealand, The Institute of Environmental Science and Research (ESR), plays a vital role in Notifiable Disease Surveillance. The Health Intelligence Team at ESR prepare annual and monthly reports of the statistics for notifiable and other infectious diseases as part of a Ministry of Health contract for scientific services. (ESR, 2015). This Service gives national access to increasing or decreasing trends among the geographical areas and allows for a National database notified by the supporting District Health Boards. 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